A Complete Step by Step Guide to Dye Hair at Home

How to Dye Hair at Home

Not everybody has time to go to the beauty salon, let alone stay in the hairdresser 's chair for a solid two to three hours to have their hair dyed. Often box color is the only choice, so it's important to learn how to dye your hair. You might not be able to make professional dip dye, shade hair, or balayage yourself since there are a lot of procedures to follow if you do your roots or go for new hair color. However, with some preparation and subtle changes, you can sharpen your skills to the point that you get consistent outcomes over and over again and to  keep your hair healthy. Keep reading!

How to Dye Hair at Home - Step by Step Guide

If you want to hide your grays, go several shades darker or apply blonde highlights to match your face, here are a few tricks and tips on how to dye hair at home that should help you achieve salon results.

1. Gather Necessary Things

The tools that you are using can drastically affect a dye application at home. The package kit contains all you need for applying the dye, such as a squeeze bottle, which applies the dye to your hairline. Things could get a little messy, so you will require a towel and gloves as well. Take hair color, four hairpins, a tail brush, and hand lotion.

2. Consider Your Hair Texture

The texture of the hair is just as important when you dye your hair as when you cut it. Curly, unruly, frizzy, or coarse hair absorbs color quicker and gets darker whenever you dye it, so it becomes more ashy or bluish. Medium to standard size hair textures do not absorb color as quickly, so when you apply color it will become a significantly warmer, implying it will have red, orange, or copper shades.

3. Select The Best Shade

You can easily get overwhelmed by the dozens and dozens of shades that you could choose. If you are dyeing your hair for the first time, it's better to stick to a hair color that's either two tones lighter or darker than your actual hair color. Boxed color palettes are placed on shelves in order. Hold a portion of your hair close to a box to identify a close match and then pick between the next two colors in either direction.

4. Decide on Permanent or Semi-Permanent Dye

There are two main hair dye types: semi-permanent and permanent, with a unique lifespan. Semi-permanent hair color will last around 15 to 20 washes. Permanent hair color is combined with ammonia that penetrates deep into the core of the hair once mixed with hydrogen peroxide. The outcome is long-lasting color that only fades with time and requires to be modified every six weeks as your roots start to grow.

We recommend you go for a  temporary natural hair color wax made with organic elements to reduce damage.

5. Buy Two Boxes of Hair Dye

You don't wish to run out of color in the middle of the process. When your hair is shoulder-long and highly coarse, use two sets of the same color to ensure maximum coverage. Also, make sure to combine the colors in a plastic or glass bowl as a metal oxidizes the dye and causes the color to change. When you end up with a remaining box, you should save it for the next session, or recycle it.

6. Prepare Your Hair Before Dyeing It

If you take the time to dye your hair, put in a little preparation work to ensure the process runs smoothly. Work with two-day-old hair and do not wash hair for several days before coloring, as your hair oils will better shield your scalp against any substances in the dye. Before mixing your color, grab a vaseline tub and spread it around your forehead and ears to shield your skin.

7. Divide and Conquer

You can achieve full coverage smoothly and efficiently by splitting the hair into four areas and working in 1⁄2-inch subgroups within each section. The thicker the hair is, the smaller segments should be, so that the dye could saturate hair completely. Use big, plastic clamps to hold the areas apart. Dividing your hair into these segments ensures you don't skip some hair layer.

8. Don't Combine Different Shades for a Custom Color

Unless you are an expert, it is not recommended to combine various shades of hair dye. None of the big corporations would guarantee a consistent combination of the resulting color. In reality, even if you stick to a single shade, the outcome usually differs slightly from what is shown on the box. Your safest choice is to choose only one shade and follow the directions to the end, including strand check.

9. Don't Skip the Strand Test

While it may be tempting to skip, the strand check is important, particularly when trying out a new shade. Dye a few covered or trimmed hairs first, then test the outcome before committing. A popular horror scenario from users who did not do this is the hair that became purple or orange. When you have done a strand check and followed the instructions, style, and separate hair as usual.

10. Wear Easy-To-Remove and Old Clothing

Although you want to dye your hair, you don't want strange blotches of bright red all over your tapestry or beloved shirt. It's rather easy to get color on any shirt you wear. Have towels and paper around to manage spills. Cover objects with trash bags or magazine covers, instead of sheets or towels that can be sprayed and need to be cleaned afterward.

11. Timing Matters

Follow the directions on the package. Do not wash the color before the minimum required time or leave the color after the maximum period has passed. The time required can have a big impact on your color result. It is best to keep the color in for as long as possible. Never leave the hair color overnight. Choosing to leave it overnight can dry your hair and can also cause extreme skin irritation.

12. Protect Your Skin From Dye

Nothing is worse than having telltale colored spots on your hairline. Instead of using a balm to shield the skin from color, protect your skin from spots by gliding a clear hand cream along your forehead, and across your ears, just before using dye. Keep color in line with a removable barrier. When some color finds its path to the skin, it is easy to raise it by using the remover towelettes.

13. Don't Wet Your Hair Before Dyeing

Hair color professionals suggest that you color the hair when it's dry. Your hair is in its most delicate condition when wet, so coloring damp hair can cause breakage and damage. If the hair is wet, the dye can not get into the hair roots, resulting in an undesirable outcome. Hair color sets for home use are not suitable for use on wet hair, so it's better to leave wet hair dyeing to professionals.

14. Start at Your Roots

Begin at your roots always when you color your entire hair in a different shade. This section will need to develop the color longer. Dyeing on previously colored hair can lead to over-darkened, over-processed, or unbalanced results. Not to take into account hot roots that are not in line with your ends. Dyeing roots is more complicated, but it can be done. Just do things a bit differently and be ready for some unpredictable results.

15. Use Toothbrush for Highlighting

If you don't have a pro-level highlight set, begin to color from roots to ends with a toothbrush, which could be more accurate than other brushes. Carefully position them where the sun will reach the hairline and will come from your position. To prevent the color from spreading, keep every fragment away from the eyes with a cloth. That will provide you with natural highlights.

16. Remove Dye Spills

Since facial skin may be more susceptible than skin anywhere else from your body, in this area you want to minimize the use of strong or abrasive cleansers. Use facial washing wipes to brush away any color splatters as they appear on the skin. Olive oil is also a popular cleanser that can help eliminate stains on the skin. That could be a particularly good option for persons with skin prone to  allergic reactions, but everybody can try it.

17. Put a Shower Cap

Wipe extra dye off your shoulders and forehead with a towel or wet tissue. If you wish, you can wear  a shower cap over your hair to prevent the color from getting everywhere. Once you've put on a shower cap, you could even wrap your head with a towel because then the cap keeps your head warm. That will accelerate the coloring process.

18. Use Water To Rinse Dye

Don't shampoo right after you've dyed your hair, yet wash it out with water first. Change the temperature of the water to be cold while rinsing. Before you wash out the dye, spray some water on the head, and massage your hair with fingers for several seconds. It helps to dissolve the dye and transfers it all around so that you don't end up with lines or strings.

19. Use Shampoo To Rinse Dye

Keep color at least an hour until using hair shampoos. Waiting to rinse helps the dye to penetrate your hair follicle more deeply. Cleansing should help keep the scalp clean and minimize any excess color. When shampooing your hair, be sure it is sulfate-free. Try using color-depositing shampoos to maintain your fresh hair color vivid. These shampoos involve pigments that keep the dye from vanishing quickly.

20. Use Conditioner When You're Finished

Do not throw the conditioner that will come with the package. After you've shampooed the hair, be sure to use a deep conditioner in the bathtub after the color is washed out. Thoroughly rub it through all the hair. If you miss the conditioner part, the cuticle is left exposed, and the dye continues to work. Don't be shocked if you get darker hair than you originally want.

Mistakes to Avoid

Although you can easily lighten your hair from one to two shades of color at home, a darker shade would be better for your hair. Going lighter seems to be a more complex and difficult process than getting darker. When you want quite a lighter shade than your natural hair, the best way is to let a specialist do it for you. You can dye the hair by yourself, but getting good results from a specialist is far better. You should not attempt to go dark as well. A good principle for a darker color is that you shouldn't go darker than your natural eyebrows. 

Do not wash your hair the same day when you dye it. Keeping some natural oil on the hair will help to preserve your scalp and allow the color to look better on your hair. If you have to wash your hair before shampooing and coloring, use a conditioner and lukewarm water so that the natural oils are not lost. The strand method will help you decide how long you have to leave your color to achieve the desired results.

What You Can Do If You Hate New Hair Color

When your hair is too dark, combine a shampoo with a spoonful of baking soda and then let it stay on damp hair for several minutes. You could also use olive oil to moist hair, bundle it in a shower cap, and put a warm towel over the head. Then use your standard shampoo immediately.

When your hair is far too light you'll need to apply more color. For hair that is just a bit too pale, pick the next dark color than the one you began with and add it only to places that you consider are too light. Leave the dye on hair for half of the time suggested on the package, and make sure that it does not go too far.

If you want to get back your black hair again, apply a  blackening hair color shampoo.

When your hair is to brass you'll have to balance the warm color of your hair. Use a lavender shampoo for several days if you were using a semi-permanent color. If you opted for a permanent solution, paint color only on the orange spots which are several tones darker.

Tips To Make Your Hair Color Last

Treat your hair the same way you would treat your skin. Use color-preserving and sulfate-free, conditioner and and and also use non-alcoholic styling products that do not dry your hair. Water is perhaps the worst aggressor for hair dye, so avoid washing your hair on the occasions you can and use dry shampoo for your roots. For times you can not, use as very less shampoo or wash your hair with water and conditioner only.

Commit to using strong conditioner once or twice a week to keep your hair smooth and hydrated. Then air-dry whenever is convenient. Use color-enhancing wax as a base coat for your hair, which will apply brightness and clear color for your hair. Wear large brimmed hats to keep the sunlight from bleaching your hair color or spray hair with a UV barrier half an hour before you go outside.


1. Is It Safe to Dye Your Hair at Home?

Yes, coloring hair at home is harmless, as long as you strictly follow the instructions on the packaging of the product. If you have lately permed or relaxed your hair, you should cancel a DIY color task, as both procedures can cause serious damage.

2. Is It Better to Color Your Hair Dry or Wet?

Although most coloring boxes will tell you to color your hair when it's dry, experts claim that you should not only color wet hair, but this is also the best way to dye it. Still, most hair color sets for home use aren't made to be used on damp hair, so it is better to leave the professionals to do wet hair dyeing.

3. Where to Start When Dying Hair?

You should start to apply hair color at the roots. Since they are the place where the first and least broken portion of the hair happens, they require far more color and time to process.

4. Why Professionals Hate Boxed Hair Dye?

Most permanent hair dye from a box function by the application of ammonia. The corrosive aspect of ammonia causes it to blast off the hair's follicle, enabling the new color molecules to enter the hair, and irreversibly altering the hair's pH to an unwanted level.


Coloring your natural hair will give you a fresh new look without needing to make a costly journey to the beauty salon. It can seem overwhelming at first, but coloring hair is very easy once you understand what you need to do. If you're trying to cover a few grays or want to alter the hair one or two tones down or up, or you would just like to adjust your tone, you can probably do it at home.

If you want to make big adjustments to your hair color, you might want to look up professional advice instead of doing it by yourself, because no matter how diligent you are, after the dye is washed out, your hair might not come out the way you were hoping.



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